Disproportionate Minority Contact

Disproportionate Minority Contact (DMC) exists when minority youth have a rate of contact with the juvenile justice system that is significantly higher from the rate of contact for white youth. DMC occurs when the proportion of minority youth in a community is lower than the proportion of minority youth involved in the local juvenile justice system.

History of DMC Mandate

The purpose of the DMC Core Requirement: to ensure equal and fair treatment for every youth in the juvenile justice system, regardless of race and ethnicity.

Since 1969, research has shown that DMC is a pervasive and long-standing problem throughout the nation.  The causes of DMC are complex and may include disparities both within and outside the system.

Since 1990, the federal Office of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention and other entities have been providing research and technical assistance to state and local efforts to reduce DMC.  As a result, some states and localities have demonstrated measureable successes through the implementation of innovative DMC reduction strategies.

Since 1994, the Alaska Division of Juvenile Justice and its citizen advisory board, the Alaska Juvenile Justice Advisory Committee (AJJAC), have been working to reduce DMC in Alaska. 

Federal DMC Mandate

The Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention Act of 2002 requires states that receive certain federal juvenile justice grant funds to use a portion of those funds to address DMC. Learn more about the DMC Mandate.

DMC Activities in Alaska

In 1994, the Alaska Juvenile Justice Advisory Committee (AJJAC) convened a DMC Workgroup to begin addressing DMC in Alaska. Download a timeline of DJJ's DMC efforts.

DMC Publications

There is a growing body of information about how DMC is created and how it is being reduced. DMC studies and resources have been published and are available online. DMC statistics are updated annually are also available online. 

DMC Rates in Alaska

The Division of Juvenile Justice (DJJ) calculates, monitors and analyzes DMC rates in Alaska for different juvenile justice decision points, minority groups and jurisdictions.

DMC Training and Technical Assistance

Numerous governmental and private entities offer training and technical assistance to states and communities that are addressing DMC. Visit our DMC Training and Resources page for more information. 

For additional information, please contact:

DMC Coordinator
Alaska Division of Juvenile Justice 
Ellen Hackenmueller
PO Box 110635 
Juneau, AK 99811-0635